Dyson Cyclone V10 Vacuum

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  • 2018

  • Product Design
    Domestic Appliances

Designed By:

  • James Dyson
  • Dyson

Commissioned By:

Dyson

Designed In:

United Kingdom

The Dyson digital motor V10 is almost half the weight of the Dyson V8 motor, and is Dyson’s fastest and most powerful digital vacuum motor, spinning at up to 125,000rpm. At the heart of the Dyson Cyclone V10 cord-free vacuum cleaner, it drives full-size suction, with no compromise in versatility.


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  • Conventional brushed motors can be bulky, heavy and speed restricted, typically weighing about 800g and spinning at no more than 41,000rpm. Dyson wanted to offer customers an improved, powerful but compact product to meet cleaning needs.

  • Compared to the V2, the V10’s power to weight ratio has increased over three times. This required a re-design of the motor: * The V2 had a two-pole design, the V10 has eight poles - meaning it can switch faster, making it smaller/lighter. It switches up to 16,000 times/second delivering high performance. * Re-engineered impeller - gives it a long narrow layout and enables it to channel more airflow. Engineers overlapped the impeller’s vanes, creating a larger surface area improving efficiency. * Motor needed a light, strong shaft able to cope with speeds of up to 125,000 rpm. Engineers used ceramic, x3 harder than steel.

  • The Dyson digital motor V10 is intelligent and continually adjusts to maintain maximum performance: it knows its altitude, the barometric pressure, temperature and could even work out the weather. Using its pressure sensors, it knows whether you are upstairs or downstairs. In fact, it is so sensitive it knows the altitude difference between the table and the floor. It uses this information to make minute adjustments to deliver constant performance at different air pressures. It will give the same high performance whether you are in a high altitude city like Mexico City, or a low lying city like Amsterdam.

  • **Separation** Dust/dirt is not efficiently separated from the airflow so it instead ends up on the filter where it chokes the airflow from the motor. The V10 has the most powerful suction in cord-free stick vacuums. 14 cyclones are arranged around the central axis of the machine, enabling the airflow inside each cyclone to travel at up to 120 miles per hour, separating even microscopic dust from the air efficiently. **Filtration** Dyson engineers have wrapped both the pre- and post-motor filters around the motor as one sealed unit, for improved whole-machine filtration, capturing 99.97% of allergens as small as 0.3 microns, releasing cleaner air. **Energy Storage System** Engineers designed a more energy-dense battery, without any additional weight. Along with improved electronics and battery system management, it gives the V10 up to 60 minutes of suction. **Cleaner heads** The direct-drive cleaner head has a powerful motor located inside the brush bar driving stiff nylon bristles deep into carpet pile to remove ground-in dirt. There are also soft anti-static carbon fibre filaments to remove fine dust from hard floors. A larger roller covered in soft woven nylon traps large debris, whilst anti-static carbon fibre filaments removes fine dust.